An Associated Press analysis of data from federal data shows that about half of all the jobs that have disappeared from the economy since the end of the recession have been replaced by automated or robotic processes.
The rest of the jobs are being replaced by workers who are now working for robots, data shows.
The analysis also shows that automation and artificial intelligence are increasing in importance, as companies move away from human workers in favor of machines.
For example, robots now account for about 14 percent of manufacturing jobs in the U.S. and robots account for more than one-quarter of those jobs in some states.
Here are five trends we’re watching to determine whether automation is displacing more jobs than it is creating: 1.
Manufacturing jobs in North Dakota are disappearing.
The economy lost about 12,000 manufacturing jobs between 2010 and 2019, but those jobs were mostly located in the Dakotas.
In 2019, the manufacturing sector lost more than 10,000 jobs and manufacturing employment in North America dropped 4.9 percent in 2019 compared with the previous year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Some of that job loss was driven by automated robots.
In 2018, a new wave of robots, including the autonomous vehicle, took over factories that had been used for decades to make machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and milling jacks.
In some places, new automation is replacing old factories, including in the industrial Midwest and South.
In 2016, the North Dakota Industrial Development Authority predicted that the state could lose 1,600 manufacturing jobs by 2025.
The jobs loss has been particularly devastating in Fargo, where the population has dropped by about 8,000 over the past few years.
Fargo’s unemployment rate has more than doubled to 11.6 percent since the start of 2019, according the North Dakotan Economic Development Authority.
Robots are taking over the jobs of retail and hospitality workers.
As more and more robots replace workers in retail, restaurants, and other services, the U-Haul trucking company has begun to automate the work of some of its U.
In the past year, the company has replaced about 6,000 drivers and 6,500 other drivers.
U-haul is not alone in its effort to automate its operations.
Last year, UPS replaced about 20,000 employees in some of the country’s busiest airports and ports, and more than 2,500 of its full-time workers are expected to be displaced by robots.
Some workers say the new robotic work is taking jobs that were once done by human workers, like delivering packages or carrying food.
The number of workers at some of these facilities has increased as technology allows machines to do more of the work.
At the same time, many of the people doing the jobs have been forced to accept lower pay and fewer benefits.
U.K.-based hospitality company The Haunt, which employs about 800 workers in the city of Birmingham, Ala., said in a statement that its workforce had to “change its business model.”
It said that many of its workers had to accept less-benefits packages to remain in the hospitality business.
Robots will take over manufacturing jobs, too.
Companies that make things like automobiles, machinery, and clothing are increasingly investing in automation.
A few companies are creating robotic products.
Last month, a California company announced it had created an automated assembly line.
Last November, Amazon started selling a robotic vacuum cleaner that can be controlled remotely.
Automated manufacturing has become a mainstay of the U.-Haul trucks, which have been moving more than 40 million passengers per year since 2014, according a recent survey by the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
But there are signs that the robots may not be replacing human workers quite yet.
At Amazon’s headquarters in Seattle, robots are replacing workers.
In January, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer reported that robots were being used to perform routine tasks.
In May, a robot that had previously been used to help clean up spilled coffee at Amazon’s warehouse in Oregon, broke down in a meeting room and was replaced with a new robot.
Amazon also began testing a robotic arm that can lift a truck or a ship.
In 2020, Amazon hired a robot-maker called Rethink Robotics, which specializes in robotics for warehouses and other jobs.
The company says it is working with the University of Washington to develop robots that can do jobs previously performed by humans, such working on trucks or lifting boxes.
The U.M. economy is disappearing.
Manufacturing in the United States has shed more than 11 million jobs since 2010, and the U,M., is the biggest exporter of manufactured goods to the rest of world.
Since 2020, the number of jobs that U.C.M.’s manufacturing sector has lost has more like 16.6 million.
In 2021, the industry has been shedding jobs at a rate of more than 1.3 million per month.
And the loss has accelerated since then, with the number at its lowest point in 2018